Egg Substitutions

Many want to avoid eggs for myriad reasons – health, culture/religion, likings etc. Although adding eggs makes the end product so much better, it does not mean that we cannot do without it. There might be some compromise in taste and texture but for most of the cases the end result is still pretty much decent sans eggs too. Here is a list which comes handy to me while I am making such a recipe. Image source


You might find these related links useful:

1. Baking Substitutes 101 Chart
2. Tips to Successful Egg Substitution
3. What is the egg substitute for glazing on pies?
4. How to substitute eggs and milk to make Vegan Cakes?
5. How to find out the role/purpose of eggs in a recipe?
6. 7 Most Common Mistakes in Baking

Most of these substitutions will work interchangeably for all other baked Goods. I have compiled this list using various resources on net. Keep in mind that using substitutions may affect texture and taste of your baked goods. Please use this list as a guideline and use your discretion to make a substitution in the recipe (depending on what purpose the egg serves in the recipe – as a binder, for adding moistness, for texture etc)

1 Whole Egg = 2 Egg whites






Eggless Breads Eggless Cakes Eggless Cookies Eggless Cupcakes Eggless Muffins

Replacement In

With Ingredients like

How to Replace

Brownies Silken Tofu/ Tofu
( 1/4 cup blended silken tofu = 1 egg )
Process in a blender until completely smooth and creamy, leaving no graininess
or chunks. You will want to attach other wet ingredients to this mixture to
return with it to blend properly.
Applesauce
(1/3 cup applesauce = 1 egg or ¼ cup Applesauce + 1 tsp Baking Powder )
If chocolate in the brownies overpowers the flavor of applesauce so it can be safely used, and is in fact, one of the
best egg substitute in brownie mix.
Soy Yogurt/Plain Yogurt
( ¼ cup Yogurt= 1 EGG )
If you are a vegan, you may opt for soy yogurt. Otherwise plain yogurt will do
the trick. Just beat it well and add it to the brownie mix.
Flax seeds
(1 tbsp ground Flax seeds +3 tbsp Water =1 egg
Grind the flax seeds in a coffee grinder, and mix with water. Allow it to rest till it becomes gelatinous, then use.
Bananas
(½ pureed Banana, abt 1/4 cup = 1 egg)
Just mash it smooth, and use it but the addition of banana will alter the flavor of the brownies
Commercial Egg Substitute Use
as per instructions on pack. Many people who have used this find it to leave behind a peculiar taste. However, there have been exceptions to this case.
Breads Bananas
(½ pureed Banana, abt 1/4 cup = 1 egg)
Recipes: Banana Blueberry Bread
Soy yogurt
(1/4 cup soy yogurt = 1egg)
Soy yogurt works deeply like whiz tofu as an egg replacer.Helps to make it moist
Water
(one egg with 1/4 cup water.
Recipe:Vegan Banana Nut Bread
Flax seeds
(1 tbsp ground Flax seeds +3 tbsp Water =1 egg
Adding ground flax seeds to any recipe add Omega-3′s to the recipe! You can buy ground flax seeds in the health section of most grocery stores.
Recipe: Whole Wheat Honey Walnut Pumpkin Bread
Check out all Eggless Bread Recipes
Cakes
(eggs mostly serve as leavening agents in cakes, helping to make the end product light and fluffy)
Applesauce
(1/3 cup applesauce = 1 egg or ¼ cup Applesauce + 1 tsp Baking Powder )
Bananas
(½ pureed Banana, abt 1/4 cup = 1 egg)
Recipe: Wholegrain Banana Cake
Soy yogurt/Yogurt
(1/4 cup soy yogurt = 1 egg)
Soy yogurt works deeply like whiz tofu as an egg replacer. It makes things moist.
Recipes: Blueberry Boy Bait; Strawberry Yogurt Cake
Water
(one egg with 1/4 cup water.)
Vegetable Oil
(1/4 cup = 1 egg)
Recipes: Banana Cupcake
Buttermilk Buttermilk is one of the preferred egg substitute used for eggless cake recipes. What you need to do is add half a cup of buttermilk (instead of one egg) and follow the same directions as you did for baking regular cakes. The only thing is to add less amount of water for making the dough. With buttermilk, the resultant cake will be very soft and tasty.
Pureed Fruits
(3 tablespoons of pureed fruit = one egg )
In cases when you don’t like using eggs and buttermilk in cakes then a good egg substitute for baking cakes is, adding pureed fruits. Use 3 tablespoons of pureed banana (for one egg) and follow the same tips for baking cake. Even
without eggs, you will surely serve a soft and delicious cake with pureed fruits.
Gelatin (Non Vegetarian)
(1 tablespoon gelatin + 3 tablespoons lukewarm water = 1 egg)
Another popularly used egg substitute in baking is unsweetened and unflavored gelatin. Most vegetarians prefer adding Agar Agar instead of Gelatin as a substitute in cake, instead of the other options. For using gelatin in baking cake, mix together one tablespoon gelatin with three tablespoons lukewarm water. Add this mixture for making the cake dough.
Flaxseed
(1 tablespoon of flaxseed oil+ 3 tablespoons water = 1 egg)
Stir the flaxseed mixture well and allow it to thicken for a few minutes. Strain the seeds by using a muslin cloth and use the filtrate for baking cake.
Vinegar and Baking Powder Use this egg substitute in cake, only when you require more than one egg for baking. Mix one tablespoon each of white vinegar and water in a glass. To this, add one teaspoon of baking powder and stir well until
the mixture blends well. Now, use this egg substitute for your cake recipe.
Potato Starch
(2 heaped tbsp potato starch = 1 egg)
Arrowroot Powder
(2 heaped tbsp arrowroot powder  = 1 egg)
Soy flour
(1 heaping tablespoon of soy flour + 2 tbsp water = 1egg)
Soda Pop A regular-sized (12 oz.) can of soda pop can be used as a substitution for 3 eggs in your baking recipes. Additionally, one regular-sized (12 oz.) can of soda pop can be substituted for the oil/egg combo
required by most boxed cake mixes.
Check out all Eggless Cake Recipes
Check out all Eggless Cupcakes Recipes
Cookies
(eggs mostly act as binding agents in cookies and adding moisture)
Vegetable Oil
(1/4 cup = 1 egg)
Cornstarch
(1 tablespoon of Cornstarch + 2 Tablespoons of Water = 1 egg)
Soy flour
(1 heaping tablespoon of soy flour + 2 tbsp water = 1 egg)
Ener-G Egg Replacer
(follow package instructions)
It seems to work best surrounded by cookies, or things that are supposed to be a little crispy.Otherwise, there have been complaints that it tends to add certain aftertaste noticeable more in other bakes like a chalky taste.
Check out all Eggless Cookies Recipes
Muffins
(eggs mostly act as binding agents in Muffins and adding moisture )
Applesauce
(1/3 cup applesauce = 1 egg or ¼ cup Applesauce + 1 tsp Baking Powder )
Pumpkin
(1/3 cup of cooked pumpkin = 1 egg)
This works almost for all baked goods but especially for muffins leaving a subtle Pumpkin flavor in the muffins (depending upon the eggs substituted)
Soy yogurt/Yogurt
(1/4 cup soy yogurt = 1 egg)
Soy yogurt works deeply like whiz tofu as an egg replacer. It makes things moist
Recipes: Cranberry Walnut Muffins
Water
(one egg with 1/4 cup water.
Vegetable Oil
(1/4 cup = 1 egg)
Soy flour
(1 heaping tablespoon of soy flour + 2 tbsp water = 1 egg)
Banana
(½ pureed Banana, abt 1/4 cup = 1 egg)
Recipe:Strawberry Banana Quinoa Muffins
Flaxseed
(1 tbsp ground Flax seeds + 3 tbsp Water = 1 egg)
Recipes: Vegan Pear Walnut Muffins
Check out all Eggless Muffins Recipes
Pancakes Flax seeds
(1 tbsp ground Flax seeds + 3 tbsp Water = 1 egg
Adding ground flax seeds to any recipe add Omega-3′s to the recipe! You can buy ground flax seeds in the health section of most grocery stores.
Soy flour
(1 heaping tablespoon of soy flour + 2 tbsp water = 1 egg)
Banana
(½ pureed Banana, abt 1/4 cup = 1 egg)
Savory Dishes(as binders/ coating) Mashed Potatoes When a recipe in any savory dish like Vegetable Loaves or
Burgers calls for eggs as a binding agent, then any of these will work as an substitute for eggs. When used for Frying (as an coating of eggs and flour), you can use a mix of all purpose flour + water to form into a paste and apply that as coating instead of beaten eggs.
Bread Crumbs
Cooked Oatmeal
Cooked Rice
Tomato Paste
Chocolate pies, Quiches, pudding Tofu Tofu is great for egg substitutions in recipes that call for a lot of egg. To substitute for only one egg in a recipe, whip or blend 1/4 cup soft tofu and add to your cooking.
Cornstarch This especially works great for puddings. 1 egg = 2 tbsp cornstarch + 2 tbsp water
Recipes: Chocolate Tapioca Pudding
Salads/ Sandwiches/Omelet Tofu Diced or mashed tofu can replace chopped hard-boiled eggs in some salad and sandwich recipes. Scrambled tofu makes a delicious alternative to scrambled eggs.


Eggless Breads Eggless Cakes Eggless Cookies Eggless Cupcakes Eggless Muffins


Egg White Substitute –> Use Agar Powder - For each egg white, dissolve 1 tbsp plain agar powder in 1 tbsp water. Whip, chill and whip again.

Egg Substitute Mix (homemade) –> To replace 1 egg: 2 tablespoon flour + 1/2 teaspoon oil + 1/2 teaspoon baking powder + 2 tablespoons liquid (milk, cream, buttermilk, diluted yogurt, or dairy free alternatives like coconut milk, soy milk, etc) beaten together until smooth.
or
2 tablespoons water + 1 tablespoon oil + 1/2 teaspoon baking powder, beaten together until smooth.

259 Responses to “Egg Substitutions”
  1. joe

    A friend of mine told that instead of 1 egg she uses the juice of 1 orange. The result is perfect. I haven’t tried it myself but will asap.

  2. Steve

    Greetings D&K,
    Was looking for more egg substitute ideas, and your chart is very well laid out. Golden flaxseed here in Bolivia is very expensive, or not available. When I was in America, I baked many products with golden flaxseed. So will try your soy FLOUR/water blended tip. I use soy FLOUR as a functional ingredient. I bake by percentage s, and grams. Formulas. More creative and consistent! Please check out bbga.org. Also sfbi.com. has great baking classes.Even gluten-free, which includes some vegan. One other comment was about a pecan pie. One of my vegan books, (back in the states), used a combination of agar and arrowroot. The sweetener is maple syrup and barely malt syrup. Bake a blind crust, toast the pecans. Simmer the syrups,with the agar till completely dissolved, then add the arrowroot slurry. Simmer till clear, and pour over the filled crust. Chill. Please forgive me for not remembering the ratio of agar / arrowroot. Will try to see if I can get it. But the combination is “custardy”. Good mouth-feel.
    Thank you for your time and for reading this comment.

  3. Catherine

    can you use any of these egg substitutes in a bread pudding? I was thinking of trying to make one using tofu and coconut milk or rice milk

  4. Chris

    HOW DO i USE ARROWROOT AS AN EGG SUBSTITUTE IN SWEET POTATO PIE? WOULD GROUND FLAX SEED MIXED WITH WATER BE A BETTER BINDER? :?:

  5. There are LOTS of egg free mayo options available. At Whole Foods you can get the brand new “Just Mayo” (company sponsored by Bill Gates). Most stores with health sections have Nayonaise which is what I use.It is on the shelf. Veginaise is in the refrigerated section.They also have no cholesterol (no eggs) and tend to be much lower in calories, too!

  6. ana

    I am allergic to eggs. My kids love mashed potatoes with mayo. What to do? Ughhh

  7. Try tofu. See Isa’s recipe. She runs a vegan restaurant in Nebraska and has written several best selling vegan cookbooks. http://www.theppk.com/2011/08/maple-pecan-pie/

  8. I am so exsided to try vedgi-oil in backing my cockies thanks for the help

  9. Gerry Teders

    My pecan pie calls for 3 eggs well beaten. Husband cannot have egg whites. What would be an appropriate substitute? Hope you might be able to help as that is his favorite pie.

  10. Cindy

    For crepes, it looks like people just omit the egg, that or increase the flour. Here are two similar recipes, and I do not see any substitution for the egg. Maybe compare to your recipe and tweak flour and soy/non-dairy milk accordingly. http://www.peta.org/living/food/vegan-crepes/ or http://allrecipes.com/Recipe/Vegan-Crepes/ sounds good!

  11. Cindy

    Jeanette, I think each item replaces one egg. So it would be 3T of vinegar etc. I might use flax seed or chia seed instead of the one you looked at. You might also google “vegan applesauce cake” and see what others use. Like here it looks like she is using some cornstarch. I prefer rice flour over cornstarch, I think cornstarch is bitter, but see what others use in a similar recipe: http://blog.fatfreevegan.com/2012/12/applesauce-ginger-cake-with-maple-glaze.html

  12. Kay

    I’m making Bahn Chiao, Cambodian crepes, what can I use instead of an egg as an combining agent?

  13. Cindy

    This website discusses baking soda/powder replacements: http://www.veganbaking.net/tools/baking-substitutions and this site discusses what those ingredients do in a recipe: http://happyherbivore.com/2011/12/baking-powder-and-baking-soda/

  14. Jeanette

    My Applesauce cake recipe calls for 3 eggs. Do I do the following 3 times, or just the one time as you describe in the following? You have the following on your site, it is a bit confusing not knowing if this is all I need for 3 eggs called in my recipe:
    Use this egg substitute in cake, only when you require more than one egg for baking. Mix one tablespoon each of white vinegar and water in a glass. To this, add one teaspoon of baking powder and stir well until
    the mixture blends well. Now, use this egg substitute for your cake recipe.

  15. vidhi

    Hello

    I would like to know if the ingredients – baking soda and baking powder can be replaced in cakes with any other ingredient? what are those ingredients and how they can be used in cakes?

    Thanks & regards

  16. Mary

    what would you use for eggs in a lemon bar? It calls for 4 eggs, 2 cups sugar, 4tbsp flour and 4 tbsp lemon juice, 1 tsp baking powder.

Leave a Reply
I love to hear from you! I read each and every comment, and will get back as soon as I am able to.
:wink: :-| :-x :twisted: :) 8-O :( :roll: :-P :oops: :-o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :-D :evil: :cry: 8) :arrow: :-? :?: :!:
Chefinyou