I know it sounds silly and way to simple to deserve any explaination, but that's exactly where it all goes wrong. One of the first things I learned was how important it is to properly measure flour esp. given that I am more of a "eyeball it" cook. The best way would be to use a scale and this in my opinion provides the best results. You can use a fancy Digital Scale but a simple one, like mine, works great as well.
How to measure flour for baking But if you don't own a scale, then then obviously the next best thing would be to use measuring cups for dry ingredients and liquid measuring cup for the wet. Yes, you heard me right, two separate ones. How to measure flour for baking This is how I go about measuring the flour for baking
Step 0: Though tempting, never scoop the flour right from the container into the measuring cup. It compacts the flour and packs in more flour than appropriate. How to measure flour for baking Step 1: Fluff up the flour with a spoon. How to measure flour for baking Step 2: Use the spoon to add in flour to your measuring cup.Its more like sprinkling the flour into the measuring cup. How to measure flour for baking Step 3: Add right to the top. How to measure flour for baking Step 4: Level it using a knife or any straight edged utensil. How to measure flour for baking Step 5: Now use this leveled flour for your recipes. How to measure flour for baking Here is a helpful chart which gives you the weights of different flours when measured properly. You can use this as a guideline if the recipe does not specify the amount in weights. This is the chart I use that's stuck to my fridge. I have only listed the flours that I have used until now.
Flour Cups Weight (grams) (rounded) Weight (oz)
Almond Flour, toasted 1 cup 96 3.375
Amaranth flour 1 cup 103 3.625
All-purpose flour 1 cup 120 4.25
Barley flour 1 cup 113 4
Bread flour 1 cup 120 4.25
Buckwheat flour 1 cup 128 4.5
Cake flour  1 cup 113 4
Chickpea flour 1 cup 85 3
Flax flour 1/2 cup 50 1.75
Oat flour 1 cup 92 3.25
Potato flour 1/4 cup 46 1.625
Quinoa flour 1 cup 110 3.875
Rice Flour, White 1 cup 142 5
Rye, Pumpernickel 1 cup 106 3.75
Self-rising flour 1/3 cup 39 1.375
Sorghum flour 1 cup 138 4.875
Soy flour 1/4 cup 35 1.25
Spelt flour 1 cup 99 3.5
Tapioca flour or starch 1 cup 113 4
Teff flour 1 cup 135 4.75
Whole Wheat (traditional) flour 1 cup 113 4
Whole Wheat (white) flour 1 cup 113 4
Whole Wheat Pastry flour 1 cup 96 3.375
Reference: KingArthurFlour.com

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