Pronounced as “moat” beans and not as Moth, though the spelling says otherwise. They are also known as Moath, dew beans, papillons, muths, mot beans, mat beans, Turkish grams, and mat grams. Commonly known as “Matki” in India.
How are they grown?
They grow in small pods on thick, matted bushes. In the winter, the pods are picked, dried and threshed, either by hand or mechanically.Moth beans can be found under cultivation throughout Southeast Asia and the Middle East. They are also sometimes cultivated in the Mediterranean, in places like Italy. The hardy creeping plant favors arid conditions, and neutral to acidic soils. The plant produces bright yellow flowers which turn into elongated seedpods, which will ultimately produce small seeds around the size of a grain of rice. These seeds can be dried and cooked, or saved for planting next year.
If you want to grow moth beans, start by preparing a patch of soil in a warm, dry part of the garden. You may want to amend the soil with sand to promote good drainage, and avoid the use of excessive mulch, which will retain water. You can either start seedlings indoors or plant the beans outdoors in the early spring; keep them lightly watered until they sprout and establish themselves, and then allow the soil to dry between waterings. Provide runners to encourage the plant to grow up off the ground, reducing the risk of mold, mildew, and rot.
How do they look?
Small, elongated beans with a brown skin and a brownish-yellow interior. They have a nutty flavor and a strong earthy smell.
Buying and storing
Because of its size and color, moth attracts adulteration and almost always contains dust and small stones which are mixed with it. Pick out the impurities before cooking and rinse it well in cold water. Store in an airtight jar for upto 1 year.
How to use in Cooking?
Moth beans have a rich, nutty flavor which can complement an assortment of dishes.
Calories and Nutrition Chart for Moth beans
Please refer the following links for nutrition info.
How to Sprout Moth Beans (Matki)
Is available in most of Asian/Indian stores.